Avoiding dependence on TSMC, America and Japan cooperate to develop 2nm chip technology

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2022-08-02 07:58:45

A recent high-level meeting confirmed reports that the US and Japan will work together to develop 2nm process semiconductor technology to prevent excessive dependence on TSMC’s factories. .

On July 29, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Commerce Minister Gina Raimondo met with their Japanese counterparts, including Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi and Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Koichi Hagiuda in Washington.

According to the joint statement of the meeting, a new R&D organization with significant US participation will be established in Japan by the end of this year. The goal of this organization is to develop 2nm chip technology that is viable for production starting in 2025.

The wafer contains IBM’s 2nm chip

Previously, TSMC was also aiming to produce 2nm chips by 2025 but had already started building the factory. Meanwhile, US firm IBM has announced the 2nm design from May 2021 but it is not ready for mass production yet. Therefore, even though it is behind two technological processes, the cooperation organization between the US and Japan is fully capable of catching up with chip processor TSMC.

Currently, only Samsung is competing with TSMC in 3nm and 5nm processes. Chip design firms such as Apple, Qualcomm, Nvidia, Broadcom, and AMD are all depending on TSMC to produce their most advanced chip products. Meanwhile, Intel has a technology roadmap of its own and ambitions towards designs even smaller than TSMC’s.

Avoiding dependence on TSMC, America and Japan cooperate to develop 2nm chip technology - Photo 2.

IBM 2nm chip design

Not only providing support to businesses, both US and Japanese officials as well as business leaders in the industry say that the development of advanced semiconductor manufacturing technologies must be accelerated. and not be deflected by obstacles of corporate inertia and financial problems.

Although Japan does not have foundry factories, there are dozens of Japanese companies that play an important role in the supply chain for the semiconductor industry. Most recently, JSR Corporation of Japan announced the acquisition of Inpria Corporation of America.

While JSR is the world’s leading supplier of polymer-based contrast agents – a special ingredient required for semiconductor lithography, Inpria specializes in the supply of metal-based contrast agents, developed specifically for EUV lithography machines, helping to manufacture semiconductor products at 5nm or less. Both companies are working closely with Intel.

Refer to AsiaTimes

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